If you plan to use music in a film, TV or DVD production, there are certain rights you need to clear first. NCB can license your production in most cases, but there are exceptions when you need to contact the rights holder directly. See more information below.
When to contact NCB
When you use music in a film, TV or video production, the person who created the music has a right to be compensated. Therefore, you need a license to use the music. In most cases, you can get this license through NCB, and in other cases you need to contact the rights holder directly. Click on your production type in the menu below to find out how to get a license.
When to contact the record company
If you use an existing recording in your production, you need a license from the record company (or artist) that owns the recording/master. If you are unsure of who owns the recording you want to use, you can contact IFPI. If the music is performed in your production, and you do not use someone else’s recording, you do not need to get a master license.
If you’re wondering how to fill in the music report, check the Explanation tab in the excel document. If you have other questions, check here. Or call us.
Commissioned music is music that has been especially composed for a video/film/TV production.
The handling of the synchronization fee is different in each Nordic country. In Denmark, Norway and Finland NCB clears the music rights. Check the fees in the price list of your country. In Sweden, the producer clears the synchronization rights directly with the rights holder.
Existing music is all music that was not created for the production in which it is being used. The handling of the synchronization rights for existing/commercial music is the same in the all the Nordic countries.
The rights granted by copyright fall into two categories: economic rights and moral rights.
Economic rights give the right holder the opportunity to make commercial gain from the exploitation of his/her work. This would usually be by granting others license to use the work/music piece in another production, e.g. to copy a work, to distribute copies of work or to communicate a video/film to the public.
Moral rights refer to the rights holder’s right to be recognized as the author of a work and the right not to have his/her work subjected to offensive treatment.
The copyright lasts until 70 years after the death of the composer/lyricist. However, there might be new versions of copyright-free music that are still protected. Therefore, you should always contact NCB to make sure.
NCB manages mechanical rights (synchronization, recording and copying rights) and the national societies handle performing rights (the right to perform and communicate the music in public). We explain more here.
We distribute royalties twice a year, in June and December.
Synchronization refers to the right to use a piece of music together with visual images in a film, television show, commercial, or other audio visual production.
Master rights refers to the right to use an existing recording of a song (e.g. from a CD) in a production. You can clear this right with the record label who owns the rights to the recording you wish to use.
All productions that contain copyright protected music must be cleared through NCB if digital or physical copies are made (DVD, BluRay, USB, DCPP/KMD-key etc.). NCB collects such a payment on behalf of the rights holder.
You need a license for all types of protected music that can be heard and recognized in your production. This includes background music.
The price depends on the type of production you are making and the amount of music in it. You will find an overview over the different categories in the pricelist. We have fixed prices for all the productions that can be licensed by NCB.